The new English Indices of Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015) have today (30/09/15) been released by the Department for Communities and Local Government. These replace the Indices of Deprivation 2010 (IMD2010) as the official measure of deprivation in England.
The Indices provide a set of relative measures of deprivation for small areas, known as Lower Layer Super-Output Area (LSOAs) across England, based on seven domains of deprivation. LSOAs have an approximate population of 1,500 people and allow the identification of small pockets of deprivation. There are 339 LSOAs in Warwickshire.
The following domain scores are weighted and combined to produce an overall Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD):
- Income Deprivation (22.5%)
- Employment Deprivation (22.5%)
- Education, Skills and Training Deprivation (13.5%)
- Health Deprivation and Disability (13.5%)
- Crime (9.3%)
- Barriers to Housing and Services (9.3%)
- Living Environment Deprivation (9.3%)
The IMD 2015 ranks all areas in England based upon their scores generated from a number of different indicators for the various types of deprivation detailed above. A low rank denotes greater deprivation. A ranking of 1 represents the most deprived area and a ranking of 32,844 represents the least deprived area nationally. The ranks allow direct comparison between other areas across the whole of England.
The Indices of Deprivation were created as a measure of relative deprivation rather than absolute deprivation, therefore it cannot be used to determine ‘how much’ more deprived one LSOA is than another. For example, it is not possible to say that LSOA X, ranked 20th, is twice as deprived as LSOA Y, which is ranked, 40th. However, it is possible to say that X is more deprived than Y.
At a county level, the Indices show that Warwickshire is ranked 124th out of 152 upper tier authorities in England meaning that it is amongst the 20% least deprived areas in England according IMD rank of average score.
Nuneaton & Bedworth has the highest levels of deprivation in the County, indicated by the highest average SOA score. The Borough ranks as the 111th most deprived Local Authority District (out of the 326 Local Authorities in England). Stratford-on-Avon District is the least deprived in Warwickshire with a national rank of 272nd.
There are eight LSOAs in Warwickshire ranked within the top 10% most deprived LSOAs nationally on the overall IMD 2015. Six of these eight are located with Nuneaton & Bedworth Borough, one within Warwick District and the other within North Warwickshire Borough. This compares with nine LSOAs ranked within the top 10% most deprived LSOAs in the IMD 2010, all of which were located within Nuneaton & Bedworth Borough.
The map below shows the geographical spread of deprivation across the County. Readers should not get distracted by the larger, rural, LSOAs as many of the key issues are located within the smaller urban areas – each LSOA contains approximately the same population. Bar Pool North and Crescents in Nuneaton was once again the most deprived LSOA in the County. This area is ranked as 466th most deprived LSOA out of 32,844 LSOAs in England, meaning this area falls within the top 2% most deprived LSOAs nationally.
Source: English Indices of Deprivation 2015, Department for Communities & Local Government.
To look at how your local area ranks in the IMD2015, please use the following mapping tool http://dclgapps.communities.gov.uk/imd/idmap.html
Please click on the link below for a copy of the Warwickshire Observatory Briefing Note on the IMD 2015. This document provides a more detailed analysis of the recent IMD.