Who goes where…..Commuting patterns into and out of Warwickshire

30th April 2015

Data from the 2011 Census provides information about where people are travelling to and from for work purposes. This information is useful as it  indicates the likely volume and direction of travel flows in and around the county. In addition, it provides a picture of local workforces and the degree to which they made of resident workers or those commuting from elsewhere.

Overall, some 88,536 workers commute from outside Warwickshire’s boundary to work in the county while 86,710 Warwickshire residents travel out of the county for work purposes. The pattern is, however, more varied at a district/borough level.

Volume of in and out-commuting by district/boroughHeadline district flows










Source: 2011 Census

In-commuting volumes, proportions and origins

  • Some of the largest volumes of in-commuting are experienced in Warwick District, Stratford-on-Avon and North Warwickshire. Nuneaton and Bedworth and Rugby experience lower overall levels of in-commuting.
  •  North Warwickshire has the highest proportion of its workforce who are in-commuters at 64% while the lowest is in Nuneaton and Bedworth where 33% are in-commuters.

Proportion incommuter graph













Source: 2011 Census

  • The single largest movement of  in-commuters to authorities in Warwickshire takes place between Coventry and Warwick with some 9,249 workers travelling.
  • For Warwickshire as a whole,  Coventry is a key source of in-commuters accounting for almost one in four commuters in to the county. This figure is higher for Nuneaton and Bedworth where almost a third of in-commuters are from Coventry.
  • Some 10,500 commuters travel from Birmingham into Warwickshire. Around half of these work in North Warwickshire. The remainder work mostly in Stratford-on-Avon (2,085) or Warwick (2,146) with far fewer travelling to either Nuneaton and Bedworth or Rugby.
  • Other key commuter flows largely reflect the proximity  of local authorities with each other; Redditch and Wychavon are a significant source of in-commuters for Stratford-on-Avon, Tamworth for North Warwickshire and Hinckley and Bosworth for Nuneaton and Bedworth.

 Key commuter origins for districts/boroughs key origins















Source:2011 Census

Out-commuting volumes, proportions and destinations

  •  Nuneaton and Bedworth experiences the highest volumes of out-commuting with almost 30,000 workers commuting out of the borough to work; twice the number who in-commute.
  • Rugby is the only other borough in the county where out-commuting exceeds in-commuting but to a much lesser extent than Nuneaton and Bedworth.
  • The highest out-commuting rates (proportion of the resident population in work who out-commute) are experienced by North Warwickshire (54%) and Nuneaton and Bedworth (49%).

prop outcommuting graph













Source: 2011 Census

 Key out-commuter destinations

outcommuter destinations














Source: 2011 Census

  • Coventry is the top destination for Warwickshire commuters, particularly from  Nuneaton and Bedworth, Warwick and Rugby. It accounts for almost a quarter  (around 27,700) of all out commuting from the county.
  • The second most popular destination for the county as a whole is Birmingham to where almost 12,000 residents commute.
  • Of authorities in Warwickshire, Warwick District is the most popular destination for residents with around 10,700 commuters into the district from other parts of the county.

Commuting patterns show considerable variation around the county. These difference are likely to be even more marked below district level. Travel to work patterns may reflect a number of factors including the availability and type of jobs in an area, the skills and experience of the local workforce and the accessibility of areas as a workplace destination. It’s worth noting that both in and out-commuters from a local authority are not necessarily travelling further than resident workers. For further information about 2011 Census data please contact the Observatory at research@warwickshire.gov.uk.